Monthly Archives: November 2020

Saving a language, preserving a tradition : UNM Newsroom


Language issues—spiritually, culturally, emotionally. Written and spoken phrases are an artwork kind, a means for values and traditions to be handed down for generations. When a language is misplaced, a part of that tradition is misplaced. By the identical measure, when language is preserved, the traditions and customs proceed residing within the hearts and minds of those that perceive it. Language is greater than the sum of its elements: it’s not simply sentence-structure and grammar, language is historical past and discourse, customs and heritage.

Jicarilla Group

Prime row (l. to r.): Everett Serafin, Roberta Serafin, Alberta Velarde, Mary Velarde, Veronica Tiller, Bernice Muskrat. Backside Row: Jennifer Muskrat, Jackson Velarde, Wainwright Velarde, Bea Velarde and Bob Velarde. Photograph Credit score: Veronica Tiller

For the Jicarilla (hē-kah-rē-yah) Apache Nation of northern New Mexico, the survival of their language means the survival of their lifestyle and the preservation of their historical past. In their very own phrases:

“Spirituality just isn’t within the English language for us, spirituality is in Apache. When others speak about us, we’re pictured as pagans. In our personal language, we are able to categorical our understanding of spirit and nature. Our conventional ideas of environmental safety, caring for the aged, and residing in concord with each other and with nature is embodied in our language.”

UNM alumna and Jicarilla tribal member Dr. Veronica Tiller has partnered with Dr. Melissa Axelrod of the Division of Linguistics to file and protect the Jicarilla Apache language for linguistic students and future generations of the tribe. Axelrod is the principal investigator for the Nationwide Science Basis (NSF) award that may fund the work, and Tiller is the venture lead. Their group is comprised of elders from the Jicarilla Nation, plus graduate college students from UNM to assist with digitizing and archiving. Tribal elders will re-translate texts collected from the Eighteen Nineties to the Nineteen Thirties to replace outdated and inaccurate translations whereas including historic and cultural context to the tales and definitions.


“Spirituality just isn’t within the English language for us, spirituality is in Apache. When others speak about us, we’re pictured as pagans. In our personal language, we are able to categorical our understanding of spirit and nature. Our conventional ideas of environmental safety, caring for the aged, and residing in concord with each other and with nature is embodied in our language.”

– Jicarilla (hē-kah-rē-yah) Apache Nation

And the largest payoff for all concerned? Fluency in Apache for the group, and the potential of fluency for future generations.

“It’s not only a new translation,” explains Axelrod. “Veronica and her group are creating a brand new writing system to make it simpler for learners to learn the language.”

“We’re calling it user-friendly language,” provides Tiller. “That’s the understory of this venture—we’re going to study to learn and write Apache.”

Melissa Axelrod

Dr. Melissa Axelrod

Historical past of Jicarilla Apache

The Jicarilla Apache are descendants of one of many Athabaskan teams primarily based on their comparable linguistics and geographic location—Northern, Pacific Coast, and Apachean (Southern). Apache tribes lived semi-nomadic lives within the deserts and mountains of Arizona and New Mexico, and the plains of southern Colorado, with some smaller tribes extending into present-day Oklahoma and Texas.

The Jicarilla Apache folks established settlements in and close to the Sangre de Cristo mountains. Their conventional origin tales communicate of the “coronary heart of the world” on this space, bounded by the 4 sacred rivers: the Rio Grande, the Pecos, the Arkansas, and the Canadian. Apache and Jicarilla are each phrases of Spanish origin, the latter which means “little basket” and utilized by the conquistadors after their arrival within the 1500s. The self-designated title for the Jicarilla Apache language is Abáachi, and haisndayin or “individuals who got here from beneath” for the folks. Just like the higher Apachean language household, it’s additionally generally known as Diné, and the languages are very comparable.

There are seven Apachean Athabaskan languages divided into two classifications, Plains Apache and Southwestern, which incorporates Diné (Navajo), essentially the most broadly spoken Native American language in america, and certain essentially the most nicely documented. Navajo translation tasks, together with dictionaries and grammar guides, have set the usual for a lot of different Athabaskan language translation tasks, together with Apachean.

Preserving A Language

Makes an attempt by anthropological students within the late 1800s and early 1900s to file and translate Native American languages resulted in a number of printed texts. Nevertheless, most of those early efforts to explain indigenous languages, cultures, and other people in English didn’t embrace the right cultural context for the translations to be correct. That is partly as a result of they didn’t know the tradition, but in addition as a result of Apache is generally a spoken language that features nuance and gesture, each troublesome to file in written kind. In 1911, one such scholar, Pliny Earle Goddard, printed a set of conventional Jicarilla tales in each Jicarilla Apache and English, Jicarilla Apache Texts, that serves as a place to begin for this Jicarilla language preservation venture. Tiller and Axelrod acknowledge the worth of those works from an ethnographic standpoint, nonetheless, a lot of Goddard’s translations from what Tiller calls “outdated Apache” into English doesn’t convey the unique tales’ cultural which means and spirit. Whereas his texts embrace a pronunciation key, the variations in sentence construction between English and Jicarilla Apache, in addition to the omission of distinctions in tone and nasality, make it troublesome for each native audio system and tutorial linguists to grasp the interpretation.

Pliny Earle Goddard

Pliny Earle Goddard

The purpose of this venture is to resume and restore the Jicarilla Apache language and tradition by way of involvement of their very own neighborhood, whereas additionally empowering the neighborhood to study to learn and write Apache. The group is led by Tiller, who’s fluent in Apache and has authored six books about her tribe and different Native American tribes. She organized ten Jicarilla Apache elders, all fluent native audio system and all college-educated, with out whom the venture wouldn’t be doable: Bernice Muskrat, Everett Serafin, Robert Serafin, Wainwright Velarde, Lindberg Velarde, Alberta Velarde, Mary Velarde, Jackson Velarde, and Bob Velarde.

“We try to right the misinterpretations, the stereotyping of our language and our folks, and attempting so as to add extra to the cultural context to create a extra correct interpretation of our tales,” says Tiller.

Simply because this can be a language venture, she says, doesn’t imply language is the one a part of this meticulous, multi-step course of that connects our present-day with a previous when Goddard’s texts have been written. It’s also a studying course of for everybody—the group will produce re-translations of the older texts, specializing in the accuracy and the which means by including the socio-cultural context to revitalize the language, all whereas studying to learn and write Apache. The method goes one thing like this:

  • A narrative from Goddard’s textual content is chosen, and since the prevailing copies of the textual content can usually be troublesome to learn, group member and Jicarilla elder Roberta Serafin varieties the chosen story in outdated Apache right into a doc.
  • Member and elder Bernice Muskrat, who’s fluent Apache, reads the story and with Tiller, interprets it into the fashionable dialect. Muskrat then makes an audio recording of the interpretation.
  • The interpretation is shared with the remainder of the elders to start the Apache-to-English translation. As soon as full, the group approves a last translation.

This final step is a really difficult and really time-consuming course of. Every member has a special perspective on the interpretation—some perceive the general story, some know the historical past and pronunciation of particular phrases, some are fluent in Apache and know the grammar—and so they all must work collectively to honor the interpretation correctly. Tiller says the primary story took about 40 hours for the complete right interpretation as a result of “It includes a lot philosophy and faith and tradition and customs and the way in which folks communicate.” To get it proper, bringing within the elders of the neighborhood who know the language and are a part of the tradition is important for accuracy and preservation. With all mixed interpretations—outdated Apache, written up to date Apache, oral Apache, and English—they supply a last translation to Axelrod for archiving.

Axelrod isn’t any stranger to the preservation of endangered languages, and she or he isn’t solely the final step within the course of. Certainly, the Jicarilla Apache venture solely provides to her experience within the digital archiving of those languages. The font Muskrat makes use of was coded by Axelrod and her venture group a number of years in the past, and is used within the dictionary she edited, Abáachi Mizaa Ilkee’ Shijai: Dictionary of Jicarilla Apache, that has confirmed to be a useful useful resource to the group. Axelrod additionally served as principal investigator (PI) for a Tewa language revitalization and archival venture, in addition to a co-PI for a venture that created a multimedia database of conventional Ixil Mayan tales from Guatemala.

“The factor that struck me most about this venture was that they mentioned, individuals are attempting to study this language, nevertheless it’s not offered to them in a means that they’ll entry it,” she says. “So, we need to make it written in a means that they’ll learn it.”

“Dr. Tiller advised me that when folks study Spanish or French, they’ll go and browse a novel or every kind of paperwork within the language, and that’s not the case in Jicarilla,” says Axelrod. “We need to present, she mentioned, a physique of literature to go together with the teachings. Which I believed was sensible, and so did the folks at NSF.”

As the interpretation group works, Axelrod and UNM linguistics graduate pupil Mariann Skahan will digitize and archive the complete translations of the tales. That is half of a bigger effort to make clear the historic file in relation to indigenous languages by being inclusive of indigenous communities’ personal views and utilizing their interpretations as supply materials.

The Jicarilla Apache

The Jicarilla Apache – A Portrait, an essay by Veronica E. Velarde Tiller

A Way forward for Challenges and Prospects

A lot of the group’s work has been placed on maintain due to the SARS-COV-2 pandemic. Like many people, Tiller and Axelrod have been working from house, and Tiller continues making Zoom calls with particular person elders and carrying on as finest she will be able to. However Zoom calls should not all the time doable in rural areas the place some group members stay with restricted web entry. The dangers of assembly in individual are far too nice because the group works with a extremely weak group of individuals, usually speaking in shut quarters, generally discussing one phrase for hours. COVID-19 has been particularly devastating to Native communities in New Mexico, and this neighborhood isn’t any exception. Group member and tribal elder Bea Velarde handed away in July, and Tiller suffered a private tragedy with the lack of her son-in-law. She now helps her daughter and her household on prime of continuous this work, understanding the survival of her language is determined by tasks like this.

“For one factor,” says Tiller, “most individuals don’t know our tradition and our language, and for an additional, this group that’s doing this venture, we’re all most likely the final era that has the fluency and the cultural data. After we’re gone, there’s going to be no one at our degree of understanding who’re in a position to make this effort.”

“It’s not simply the language, the language is interwoven with the tradition and the social apply and the values of the neighborhood,” says Axelrod. “When you lose the language, a few of that’s misplaced as nicely, so that is vital on plenty of completely different ranges.”

Each Tiller and Axelrod are looking forward to the way forward for the venture and acknowledge the significance of finishing this work for future generations of students and neighborhood members. As a part of the grant, Axelrod has partnered with the Sam Noble Museum in Oklahoma to accommodate a digitally archived assortment as a part of their Native American Languages Assortment, as soon as the tales and supplemental paperwork are accepted by the group. These archives will embrace an introduction and background to the venture; solutions on how the gathering needs to be used; the texts themselves, retranslated and re-transcribed; annotations offering the historic and socio-cultural context; recordings of the conferences of the group discussions; and language classes developed along with the translations.

This venture will proceed to influence the Jicarilla Apache neighborhood even after the NSF grant is over by way of the venture group’s non-profit, Mi-goo-ni-di Institute, Inc. Established in Could 2019 underneath New Mexico Nonprofit Company Act, the Mi-goo-ni-di Institute will have interaction the help of skilled linguists, educators, and social scientists to gather and protect the prevailing literature on Jicarilla Apache language and tradition to foster a scientific method to language preservation. Long run targets embrace instructional and course supplies can be developed with enter from the neighborhood for learners of all ages.

However maybe the significance of the venture could be finest expressed within the phrases of the group members because the venture was starting:

“Bringing again our language means bringing again these ideas and permitting a brand new era to grasp our personal conventional world views and philosophies. Revitalization of the language will give us a voice to speak about these items severely, in a means we felt inhibited to do in English—it’ll permit us to reclaim our lifestyle and deal extra successfully with the social ills that have an effect on us. We are going to enhance the bodily well-being of Tribal members after we regain our traditions and our delight.”


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Michael Shannon and Jacob Alexander’s Favourite Crime Motion pictures


Echo Boomers, starring Michael Shannon and Jacob Alexander, is a few group of broke younger individuals who take to robbing wealthy outdated folks. It’s a cross-generational battle between Millennials and child boomers — with a Get Xer, performed by Shannon, pulling the strings.

The movie by Seth Savoy presents a brand new twist on one of many oldest crime tales, Robin Hood. So within the newest MovieMaker podcast, host Eric Steuer requested Shannon and Alexander their favourite crime motion pictures. You may pay attention on on Apple or Spotify or above.

You would possibly count on the youthful actor, Alexander, to select one thing current, and Shannon, the two-time Oscar nominee to go together with one thing extra conventional. However that’s not the way it went in any respect.

The Maltese Falcon,” stated Alexander, with zero hesitation. “I really like that film.”

The 1941 movie, the writing and directorial debut by John Huston, stars Humphrey Bogart as San Francisco detective Sam Spade, employed to trace down an especially uncommon fowl statuette. It’s a splendidly wry and twisty noir that paved the way in which for a lot of extra. You may decide up traces of it within the Indiana Jones movies, too.

Shannon was equally fast on the draw: “King of Comedy,” he stated.

It’s an impressed alternative, since chances are you’ll not instantly consider the Martin Scorsese movie, starring Robert De Niro as a delusional fan of a Johnny Carson-like speak present host performed by Jerry Lewis, as a criminal offense film.

However we checked, and it seems that (spoiler warning) kidnapping somebody at gunpoint is certainly a critical crime.

King of Comedy was a business failure upon launch, and was broadly seen as a letdown after Scorsese and De Niro’s earlier collaboration, Raging Bull. Rupert Pupkin, De Niro’s character within the movie, the seemingly mild-mannered Rupert Pupkin,  isn’t as iconic as De Niro’s explosive Taxi Driver character, Travis Bickle.

However King of Comedy has gotten renewed respect within the years since, and Todd Phillips leaned on it closely in plotting Joker,which makes no secret of its King of Comedy and Taxi Driver inspirations. The movie even solid De Niro within the Lewis-like position of a chat present host, with whom Joaquin Phoenix’s character, Arthur, turns into obsessed.

Martin Scorsese gave the movie his blessing, however not everyone seems to be a fan.

“No person would have thought they’d a shot at a large hit with Joker had The Darkish Knight not been as large because it was,” director David Fincher just lately stated. “I don’t assume ­anybody would have checked out that materials and thought, ‘Yeah, let’s take Travis Bickle and Rupert Pupkin and conflate them, then entice him in a betrayal of the mentally sick, and trot it out for a billion {dollars}.”

After sharing their favourite crime motion pictures, Shannon and Alexander turned the tables on their interviewer to ask him his favourite crime film.

“What’s yours, Eric?” asks Shannon. “Echo Boomers?”

Chuckles throughout.

You’ll must hearken to see how he answered.

Echo Boomers, directed by Seth Savoy and starring Michael Shannon, Jacob Alexander and Patrick Schwarzenegger, is now out there on demand.


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American Crime Story: Taran Killam joins forged of Invoice Clinton and Monica Lewinsky scandal story


American Crime Story: SNL alum Taran Killam joins forged of Invoice Clinton and Monica Lewinsky scandal retelling as Paula Jones’ husband Steve

He was a well-liked forged member of comedy sketch present Saturday Evening Reside from 2010 till 2016. 

However Taran Killam confirmed his dramatic chops on Monday, when the 38-year-old actor filmed a scene from American Crime Story: Impeachment on a seashore in Los Angeles.

The MADtv alum is enjoying Steve Jones, the husband of one of many central figures within the true story of US President Invoice Clinton’s 1998 impeachment, Paula Jones. 

SNL alum: Taran Killam showed his dramatic chops on Monday, when the 38-year-old actor filmed a scene from American Crime Story: Impeachment on a beach in Los Angeles. Pictured with Annaleigh Ashford, who plays his wife Paula Jones

SNL alum: Taran Killam confirmed his dramatic chops on Monday, when the 38-year-old actor filmed a scene from American Crime Story: Impeachment on a seashore in Los Angeles. Pictured with Annaleigh Ashford, who performs his spouse Paula Jones

Killam wearing interval acceptable apparel for the scene, pairing washed blue denim denims with a heavy-striped costume shirt.

The comic’s hair was swept again and he wore a lightly-stubbled beard, completely capturing his topic’s look.

He was joined by Annaleigh Ashford, who’s enjoying his spouse Paula within the Ryan Murphy-created present. 

Co-stars: The MADtv alum is playing Steve Jones, the husband of one of the central figures in the true story of US President Bill Clinton's 1998 impeachment

Co-stars: The MADtv alum is enjoying Steve Jones, the husband of one of many central figures within the true story of US President Invoice Clinton’s 1998 impeachment

Funny guy: Killam was a popular cast member of comedy sketch show Saturday Night Live from 2010 until 2016

Humorous man: Killam was a well-liked forged member of comedy sketch present Saturday Evening Reside from 2010 till 2016

Accused: Jones' accusations that the former president sexually harassed her in an Arkansas hotel room while he was governor of the state led to the revelation of his affair with Monica Lewinsky and his impeachment in 1998

Accused: Jones’ accusations that the previous president sexually harassed her in an Arkansas resort room whereas he was governor of the state led to the revelation of his affair with Monica Lewinsky and his impeachment in 1998

Jones’ accusations that the previous president sexually harassed her in an Arkansas resort room whereas he was governor of the state led to the revelation of his affair with Monica Lewinsky and his impeachment in 1998.

Jones alleged that Clinton had improperly touched her, uncovered his penis and requested her for intercourse.

The harassment was stated to have occurred in 1991, whereas Jones was an Arkansas state worker.

The go well with was settled out-of-court in 1998 and reportedly resulted in Clinton, who denied Jones’ claims, paying Jones’ staff $850,000.

Central figure: The harassment was said to have happened in 1991, while Jones was an Arkansas state employee. Seen here in 1999

Central determine: The harassment was stated to have occurred in 1991, whereas Jones was an Arkansas state worker. Seen right here in 1999

American Crime Story: Impeachment will cowl the aftermath of President Clinton’s affair with White Home intern Lewinsky in 1995 and 1996.

Clinton was discovered to have been mendacity beneath oath about his affair with Lewinsky.

The third sitting president to be formally charged with against the law, Clinton was acquitted of prices of perjury and obstruction of justice in January 1999 and was allowed to finish his second time pe
riod in workplace.

ACS: Impeachment was set to premiere in September. It isn’t but recognized if that may now change as a result of coronavirus pandemic.

Filming was initially postponed as a result of well being disaster, however is now again in full swing.

Scandal: American Crime Story: Impeachment will cover the aftermath of President Clinton's affair with White House intern Lewinsky in 1995 and 1996. Steve Jones seen here in 1998

Scandal: American Crime Story: Impeachment will cowl the aftermath of President Clinton’s affair with White Home intern Lewinsky in 1995 and 1996. Steve Jones seen right here in 1998


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Tradition Membership at struggle: Boy George and Jon Moss’ secret relationship and longtime feud…


10 November 2020, 16:43

Culture Club's Boy George and Jon Moss
Tradition Membership’s Boy George and Jon Moss.


Tradition Membership grew to become one of many main teams of the New Romantic motion within the early Eighties, scoring large hits world wide.

Led by the incredible voice and distinctive androgynous fashion of Boy George, the band have been a global pressure.

Tradition Membership had quantity ones with ‘Karma Chameleon’ and ‘Do You Actually Wish to Damage Me?’, and the group’s fame peaked as Boy George sang as a part of Band Assist in 1984.

Nevertheless, tensions emerged inside the band, as unbeknownst to the general public on the time, George and drummer Jon Moss had begun an affair that will arguably result in their breakup.

Right here is the story behind their romance, and the place they’re now.

  1. When did Tradition Membership type?

    Culture Club (R-L, Mikey Craig, Jon Moss, Boy George, Roy Hay)
    Tradition Membership (R-L, Mikey Craig, Jon Moss, Boy George, Roy Hay).


    Again in 1981, Boy George was a daily on the Blitz Membership in Covent Backyard, London, and sometimes sang with the group Bow Wow Wow.

    After leaving the grouo, George determined to begin his personal band, and signed up with bassist Mikey Craig, drummer Jon Moss, and guitarist Roy Hay.

    Shortly noticing that they had an Irish homosexual man as its lead singer, a black Briton on bass, a blond Englishman on guitar and keyboards, and a Jewish drummer, they selected the identify Tradition Membership.

  2. When did Boy George and Jon Moss begin courting?

    By the mid-Eighties, though the broader public did not know, Boy George and Jon Moss had been in a relationship whereas nonetheless performing within the band collectively,

    George has later mentioned what number of of Tradition Membership’s songs have been impressed by their turbulent relationship.

    Their relationship lasted for simply over 4 years, however was usually filled with drama, with alleged bodily and verbal abuse from each of them.

    Their fixed arguments and strain to cover their relationship from the general public started taking its toll on the band.

    Boy George later known as it “the nice unresolved romance of the century”.

    He wrote in his autobiography: “Our relationship was constructed on power-tripping and masochism. Our love, nevertheless diseased, was the artistic pressure behind Tradition Membership.”

  3. When did they break up?

    By 1985, the pair had break up up, however the band continued on.

    Because of the breakup and common rigidity with the remainder of the band, George quickly turned to medication, and have become hooked on heroin.

    After their subsequent album did not carry out nicely, George and Moss not needed to be round one another, resulting in an American tour being cancelled.

    By summer season 1986, George admitted that he was hooked on medication, and he was arrested by British police for possession of heroin.

    The band broke up, and George pursued a solo profession.

  4. Did they reunite?

    Culture Club Reunites in 1998
    Tradition Membership Reunites in 1998.


    There have been a number of reunions over time, together with 1998’s profitable tour and album Do not Thoughts if I Do, which included the quantity 4 single ‘I Simply Wanna Be Beloved’.

    Most lately, the group reunited for the 2018 album Life, which featured each George and Moss again within the recording studio for the primary time in 20 years.

  5. Are they nonetheless pals?

    Culture Club in 2014
    Tradition Membership in 2014.


    In 2018, Tradition Membership toured the US and Europe. Jon Moss was initially a part of the line-up, however didn’t seem within the European leg.

    A spokeswoman for Boy George mentioned: “Jon’s taking a break from Tradition Membership however the door is open sooner or later.”

    Nevertheless, in December 2019, Moss filed a lawsuit at London’s Excessive Courtroom naming the band as defendants.

    His attorneys mentioned he was advised to “take a break” by supervisor Paul Kemsley, demanding practically £200,000 in lacking funds and a share of earnings.

    In August 2020, Boy George publicly apologised to Moss, saying: “We’re having this courtroom case so I assumed I might name him as I assumed I used to be actually moved by the script and I used to be actually moved by the story of how we met and I instantly thought: ‘You understand what, I forgot about all that.’

    “I forgot about all that actually wonderful stuff once I met him and you understand how a lot I used to be in love with him and the way it was so lovely and thrilling and all of the stuff occurred. It bought misplaced in all this sort of bitterness and all this feuding.

    “So it was fascinating for me to sit down with Jon and go: ‘Really mate, I may need to apologise to you for some issues.”

    It stays to be seen if they will put this newest feud behind them and reunite as soon as once more.

    After his relationship with George, Jon Moss later married his girlfriend Barbra Savage. Now separated, they’ve three youngsters collectively.


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7 nail-biting true crime podcasts you’ll be able to stream on Spotify and Apple Podcasts


When you binge-watched You in a single sitting on Netflix, you received’t wish to miss this critically acclaimed podcast that has impressed a TV adaptation of the identical identify. Followers of the style may have no bother discovering the parallels from Joe Goldberg’s story—when inside designer Debra Newell falls for the charismatic John Meehan, she has little concept of the previous he’s hiding and the horrific implications it’s going to have for her household.

Streaming on Apple Podcasts

Hollywood Crime Scene

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When you’re searching for a breather from all of the gloom and doom, this podcast proves that true crime needn’t be deathly severe, excuse the pun. Permit hosts Desi Jedeikin and Rachel Fisher to take you on a comical tour of the scandals that happen behind closed doorways in tinseltown, spanning from the early days of Hollywood to the current.

Streaming on Apple Podcasts


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Earlier than Serial took the true crime style by storm, Felony was serving to listeners delve into the psyche of its namesake. The compelling have a look at the lives of people that do incorrect and have been wronged finds larger gravitas within the succesful arms of host Phoebe Decide, whose hypnotic voice has earned a devoted following of its personal.

Streaming on Apple Podcasts

Additionally learn:

This is perhaps the rationale why girls are obsessive about true crime tales

12 chilling true crime reveals and flicks that will not allow you to sleep at evening


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